US higher education is combined from the both the British undergraduate college and German research university, and its character are influenced by the American public life which has three major philosophical beliefs. They continue to protect these institutions from the government level of control in most of other countries.
The second influence is the belief in the rationality in the market and capitalism. The third influence is the commitment to social mobility and equal opportunity by the American higher education. Higher education in USA has created a history, social class, gender , age, religion, race, of individuals are totally excluded by the Higher education in USA.
During 20th century many changes have occurred in higher education like economic and social changes, changed the higher education gateway for the women, middle-class, minorities in mainstream higher education. However in 20th century there is only one unique institution was founded called the community college for ensuring the open access to higher education in USA for all individuals no matter what age they are , their income, their preparation level. Anyone can get admission in Higher education in USA , there is no discrimination on the basis of caste, greed, ethics, or social class.
Some essential elements of Higher education in USA has reflected on the American character: ambition, inclusiveness, suspicion of government, competitiveness, and independence. American higher education( higher education in USA) faces important issues and major characteristics which are described by this publication.
CHARCTERISTICS OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN USA
Higher education in USA is very complex and diverse in nature, individual colleges are inevitable misstates in description of standard practice. This section make clear to us that how most colleges and universities are financed and governed, the nature of the curriculum., their faculty and students, and student life. This help us to make estimates for future as we get know more about the universities and have full-fledge knowledge about the higher education in USA.
Size and Composition of USA higher education
USA higher education has feature like –
size in distinction,
Under the USA department of education it has 6500 postsecondary institution which participate in it its student financial aid programs which include 4200 universities and colleges that are award degrees, 2300 institution that give vocational certificates also. 16 million full and part time students have enrolled in these 6500 institutions which include 14 million undergraduates and 2 million professional and graduate students in 2001. About 2.4 million degrees were awarded by these 4200 colleges and universities in academic year 2000-2001.
Largest share of undergraduates enrollment is from America’s 1100 public of two-year institution and community college. In vocational fields these institutions get the award degree and prepare the students for four-year institutions transfers and provide wide and better educational services through their communities.
Each group has some amount of diversity and degree are divided into four major group types, and when the degree are granted by institutions on the basis of these four major groups only.